Market Testing Local Use Vehicles (LUVs)
What do people really need to be able to use a Local Use Vehicle?
The market testing and research effort has been done by a considerable number of people. This includes low speed vehicle manufacturers, Fleet operators in government and private sectors, electric vehicle dealers across the country and by individual operators of various low speed vehicles and electric conversions. Many of the people in this effort are connected through the Medium Speed Vehicle Coalition.

The testing and research has shown that there are three basic requirements for a local use vehicle. The first one is that it keeps up with city traffic. The second one is being able to get off the line on city streets quickly enough to keep ahead of other cars. The third one is that it be able to allow a person to drive 15 miles to work, get home with charge to spare so they can run errands. This means that the minimum requirements for the Local Use Vehicles would be:
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     Being able to go 35 mph or more.

     Adequate acceleration from 0 to 35 mph

    Having a minimum of 20 miles on a charge with 35 miles or better being preferred.


The evidence for this 35-mile per hour requirement can be found in the nine state laws that allow NEVs to go 35 and the other nine states that are considering such a move.

The 20 mile range would allow people to commute to work, charge or fuel their vehicle and get home. Doubling that gives more people this option and can eliminate the need to charge or fuel at work.

It is surprising to most people to learn just how far the average vehicle travels in a year or in a day. How the averages work out is made clear by data from the National Transportation Statistics 2010, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation. The table below shows how this works.
Most people would not be surprised that their passenger cars go 10 to 15 thousand miles a year but they might be surprised to learn that comes out to only 38 miles a day even when they only drive six out of seven days a week. It also may be a surprise that light trucks including SUVs drive even fewer miles a year.

Most people think they need a vehicle that can go a hundred miles a day or more. The data shows that a hundred miles a day is over two and a half times what the average person actually does. The reason this idea exists is based on the touring car concept.

It is important to separate the concept of a local use vehicle from the more typical touring car that can drive people hundreds of miles. That is the role to be filled by the primary vehicles. The local use vehicle covers a significant percentage of what is needed from a second car. Local Use Vehicles can do the day-to-day work and touring cars can fill in for the long distance trips. That is a big change of concept that needs to be shown and sold to the consumer.

Consider that a 30-mile range vehicle could handle at least a third of the daily needs for the average consumer. Consider that a 50-mile vehicle would handle the needs for two thirds of the average drives. How much oil would we save with two thirds of the trips being done in oil independent vehicles?


Average Miles Driven by Vehicle Type



Passenger Car Total Number (A)


Passenger Car Miles Driven per Year (in millions) (B)


Average Miles per Vehicle per Year


Average Miles Per Day (if driven 6 days a week)



Light Duty Trucks including SUVs


Other 2-axle 4-tire Vehicle Total Number (A)


Other 2-axle 4-tire Vehicle Miles Driven per Year (in millions) (B)


Average Miles per Vehicle per Year


Average Miles Per Day (if driven 6 days a week)



A - Table 1-11: Number of U.S. Aircraft, Vehicles, Vessels, and Other Conveyances

B - Table 1-32: U.S. Vehicle-Miles (Millions)

Creating an industry that produces LUVs can be done from the grassroots up and from the touring car industry down. The Contact US button above can get you detailed information.
Medium Speed Vehicles are the starting point for LUVs with high safety standards. There is much to be done to get these vehicles on the road. Click here for info.
Click here for the info on the Electric City Cars
Click here for the info on the Medium Speed EVs (MSEVs)
Click here for the info on the Low Speed EVs (LSVs or NEVs)
Watch for a link here to info on Hydrogen and Natural Gas Vehicles
We would be happy to discuss the other forms of LUVs including 2 wheel types. Use the follwoing link to get in touch.

There are several catagories of vehicles that can be considered LUVs.

The following links will take you to information on each of these.

Creating widespread use of LUVs requires strong national and local action.
Click "The Plan" button above
to learn more.
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